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Table 1 Baseline parameters

From: Postoperative morbidity of complete mesocolic excision and central vascular ligation in right colectomy: a retrospective comparative cohort study

  Conventional group CME/CVL group p value
n = 84 n = 71
Patient characteristics
Female gender 42 (50.0) 32 (45.1) 0.540
Age (years)* 73.8 (21.0–88.9) 73.6 (33.0–88.9) 0.843
Arterial hypertension 34 (38.6) 38 (52.1) 0.088
Coronary artery disease 10 (11.9) 12 (16.9) 0.374
Cerebrovascular insult 0 (0.0) 5 (7.0) 0.019
Diabetes mellitus 5 (6.1) 13 (18.3) 0.019
Chronic kidney disease 4 (4.8) 7 (9.9) 0.218
Dialysis 0 (0.0) 2 (2.8) 0.208
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 5 (6.0) 4 (5.6) 1.000
Body mass index** 24.9 (4.3) (16.6–34.9) 25.5 (3.7) (18.1–35.6) 0.361
Smoker 16 (19.0) 9 (12.7) 0.283
Alcohol abuse 9 (10.7) 3 (4.2) 0.132
Steroids 2 (2.4) 2 (2.8) 1.000
Previous abdominal surgery 46 (54.8) 41 (57.7) 0.709
ASA 1 3 (3.6) 2 (2.8)  
ASA 2 56 (66.7) 48 (67.6)  
ASA 3 25 (29.8) 21 (29.6) 0.964
Perioperative parameters
Operation time (minutes)** 155 (52) (62–315) 174 (48) (105–374) 0.020
Anaesthesia time (minutes)** 279 (67) (140–510) 292 (52) (204–465) 0.179
First surgeon: consultant 35 (41.7) 47 (66.2) 0.002
Laparoscopic operation 0 (0.0) 22 (31.0) < 0.001
Laparoscopy-assisted operation 10 (11.9) 28 (39.4) < 0.001
Extended right colectomy 6 (7.1) 5 (7.0) 0.981
Stapler anastomosis 57 (67.9) 70 (98.6) < 0.001
Side-to-side anastomosis 57 (67.9) 69 (97.2) < 0.001
Insertion of drains intraoperatively 45 (53.6) 49 (69.0) 0.050
Intraoperative fluid balance (ml)** 2642 (1021) (500–5800) 1558 (803) (180–4890) < 0.001
Continuous epidural analgesia 65 (77.4) 62 (87.3) 0.109
Preoperative bowel preparation 26 (31.0) 2 (2.8) < 0.001
  1. With percentages in parentheses unless indicated otherwise
  2. ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists classification
  3. *Values are median (range)
  4. **Values are mean (standard deviation) (range)