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Table 2 Primary outcomes

From: A quest for sphincter-saving surgery in ultralow rectal tumours—a single-centre cohort study

  APR Intersphincteric TaTME p value
Median operative time, min (IQR) 240 (210–270) 212.5 (170–260) 270 (240–330) 0.018
Median blood loss, ml (IQR) 125 (100–200) 150 (50–200) 150 (100–200) 0.856
Intraoperative adverse events (IAE), n (%) 1 (7.69%) 1 (7.14%) 1 (4%) 0.869
Anastomosis
 Circular stapled 0 1 (7.14%) 19 (76%) < 0.001
 Hand-sewn coloanal 0 13 (92.86%) 6 (24%)
 No anastomosis 13 (100%) 0 0
Sphincter excision (no excision/internal/external) (no. of patients) 0/0/13 1/12/0 20/5/0 < 0.001
Ileostomy, n (%) 0 14 (100%) 25 (100%) < 0.001
Perioperative morbidity 4 (30.77%) 5 (35.71%) 3 (12%) 0.181
Perioperative mortality 0 0 0 n/a
Clavien-Dindo
 III 0 2 2 0.094
 II 4 3 1