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Table 2 Characteristics of the included studies

From: Robotic versus laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer in male urogenital function preservation, a meta-analysis

Author Year Country Study design No. of robotic procedures No. of laparoscopic procedures Methods of function assessment
Wang 2016 China RCT 71 66 IPSS, IEFF
Jayne 2017 UK RCT 175 176 IPSS, IEFF
Panteleimonitis 2016 UK Retrospective 48 78 IPSS,IEFF
Park 2014 Korea Retrospective 32 32 IPSS, IEFF
Kim 2012 Korea Retrospective 30 39 IPSS, IEFF
D‘Annibale 2013 Italy Retrospective 30 30 IPSS, IEFF
  1. Abbreviation: UK, United Kingdom; RCT, randomized controlled trial; IPSS, International Prostate Symptom Score; IEFF, International Index of Erectile Function