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Table 2 Details of studies analyzed for determining prevalence of five cancer types

From: Cancer prevalence in Pakistan: meta-analysis of various published studies to determine variation in cancer figures resulting from marked population heterogeneity in different parts of the country

   Prevalence with 95% confidence interval  
  Author Journal Year Study design Total cases Positive cases Overall Lower Upper
Breast Cancer Badar F, Mahmood S JCPSP 2015 SKMCH and RC database 49,765 11,848 24% 23.4% 24.2%
Shahid Mahmood et al. SKMCH
Report
1994–2015 SKMCH and RC database 71,824 15,309 21% 21.0% 21.6%
Ahmad, Sheraz, et al. J Ayub Med Col 2013 Cancer registry 255 50 20% 14.7% 24.5%
Qureshi, Muhammad Asif, et al. Cancer Epidemiol 2016 Pathology cancer registry 7843 3930 50% 49.0% 51.2%
Ahmad, Zubair, et al. APJCP 2016 Retrospective study 5153 1650 32% 30.7% 33.3%
Bhurgri, Yasmin, et al. Int J Cancer 2000 Karachi Cancer Registry 2108 698 33% 31.1% 35.1%
Badar, Farhana, et al. BMJ Open 2016 Cross-sectional study 2726 987 36% 34.4% 38.0%
Oral Cancer Ahmad, Zubair, et al. APJCP 2016 Retrospective study 10,000 1021 10.0% 9.4% 10.6%
Qureshi, Muhammad Asif, et al. Cancer Epidemiol 2016 Pathology cancer registry 13,508 2623 19.0% 18.3% 19.7%
Shahid Mahmood et al. Report 1994–2015 SKMCH and RC database 71,824 4143 6.0% 5.8% 6.2%
Badar F, Mahmood S JCPSP 2015 SKMCH and RC database 49,765 3291 7.0% 6.8% 7.2%
Bhurgri, Yasmin, et al. Int J Cancer 2000 Karachi Cancer Registry 4268 386 9.0% 8.1% 9.9%
Badar, Farhana, et al. BMJ Open 2016 Cross-sectional study 5134 106 2.0% 1.6% 2.4%
Bhurgri, Y., et al. JPMA 2002 Cancer registry 7396 776 10.0% 9.3% 10.7%
Prostate Cancer Ahmad, Zubair, et al. APJCP 2016 Retrospective study 4847 237 4.9% 4.3% 5.5%
Ahmad, Sheraz, et al. J Ayub Med Col 2013 Cancer registry 300 25 8.3% 5.2% 11.5%
Badar F, Mahmood S JCPSP 2015 SKMCH and RC database 14,893 1222 8.2% 7.8% 8.6%
Badar, Farhana, et al. BMJ Open 2016 Cross-sectional study 2408 168 7.0% 6.0% 8.0%
Bhurgri, Yasmin, et al. Int J Cancer 2000 Karachi Cancer Registry 2160 68 3.1% 2.4% 3.9%
Qureshi, Muhammad Asif, et al. Cancer Epidemiol 2016 Pathology cancer registry 5665 127 2.2% 1.9% 2.6%
Bhurgri, Y., et al. JPMA 2002 Cancer registry 7396 296 4.0% 3.6% 4.4%
Shahid Mahmood et al. Report 1994–2015 SKMCH and RC database 64,204 2402 3.7% 3.6% 3.9%
Stomach Cancer Qureshi, Muhammad Asif, et al. Cancer Epidemiol 2016 Pathology cancer registry 13,508 380 2.8% 2.5% 3.1%
Ahmad, Zubair, et al. APJCP 2016 Retrospective study 10,000 475 5% 4% 5%
Bhurgri, Yasmin, et al. Int J Cancer 2000 Karachi Cancer Registry 4268 96 2.2% 1.8% 2.6%
Badar, Farhana, et al. BMJ Open 2016 Cross-sectional study 5134 73 1.4% 1.1% 1.7%
Bhurgri, Y., et al. JPMA 2002 Karachi Cancer Registry 7396 203 2.7% 2.3% 3.1%
Yusuf Jpn J Clin Oncol 2013 SKMCH Cancer Registry Database 7500 525 7% 5% 9%
Badar et al. JCPSP 2015 Retrospective study 14,893 1606 18% 16% 20%
Colorectal Cancer Qureshi Muhammad Asif, et al. Cancer Epidemiol 2016 Pathology cancer registry 7843 671 5% 4.6% 5.5%
Bhurgri Yasmin, et al. Int J Cancer 2000 Karachi Cancer Registry 2108 150 7.1% 6.8% 7.5%
Ahmad Zubair, et al. APJCP 2016 Retrospective study 5153 595 5.9% 5.5% 6.4%
Badar F, et al. BMJ Open 2017 Cross-sectional Study 2408 155 6.4% 6.0% 6.9%
Ahmad Sheraz, et al. JAMC 2013 Cancer registry 555 24 4.3% 4.0% 4.8%
Shahid Mahmood, et al. Report 1994–2015 SKMCH+RC Database 64,204 3460 5.4% 5.0% 5.8%
Bhurgri Yasmin, et al. JPMA 2002 Cancer registry 7396 333 4.5% 4.0% 5.0%