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Table 1 Variation in data on the commonest cancers obtained from different studies conducted in specific areas of Pakistan. (n = 13)

From: Cancer prevalence in Pakistan: meta-analysis of various published studies to determine variation in cancer figures resulting from marked population heterogeneity in different parts of the country

No. Study name Place of origin Year/s for which cancer incidence determined Year in which study was published Total number of cases in study Commonest cancers in males Commonest cancers in females
1 Badar et al. (Punjab Cancer Registry) Lahore, Central Punjab 2010–2012 2016 15,840 - Prostate
- Urinary bladder
- Trachea, bronchus, lung
- NHL
- CNS
- Breast
- Ovary
- Corpus uteri
- NHL
- Cervix
2 Qureshi et al. (Dow Diagnostic Research and Reference Laboratory, Dow University of Health Sciences) Karachi, Sindh 2010–2015 2016 13,508 - Oral cavity and lip
- Non-melanoma skin cancer
- Colorectum
- Esophagus
- Larynx
- Breast
- Oral cavity and lip
- Esophagus
- Colorectum
- Non-melanoma skin cancer
3 Ahmad et al. (Aga Khan University Hospital) Karachi, Sindh 2014 2016 10,000 - Oral cavity
- NHL
- Colorectum
- Stomach
- Esophagus
- Breast
- Esophagus
- NHL
- Oral cavity
- Ovary
4 Masood et al. (Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission Cancer Registry) Lahore, Central Punjab 1984–2014 2015 80,390 - Head and neck
- Central nervous system (CNS)
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL)
- Breast
- Ovary
- Cervix
5 Badar and Mahmood (Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre) Lahore, Central Punjab 1994–2012 2015 55,974 - Liver and intrahepatic bile ducts
- Lip and oral cavity
- NHL
- Breast
- Ovary
- Lip and oral cavity
6 Ahmad S et al. (Ayub Medical College) Abbottabad, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa 2007–2012 2013 555 - Hodgkin lymphoma
- Leukemia
- Prostate
- Lung
- Leukemia
- Breast
- Lymphoma
- Ovary
- Stomach
7 Hanif et al. (Allama Iqbal Medical College) Lahore, Central Punjab 1997–2001 2009 1500 - Leukemia
- NHL
- Lung
- Breast
- Ovary
8 Atique et al. (Combined Military Hospital) Multan, South Punjab 2002–2007 2008 930 - Leukemia
- Prostate
- Urinary bladder
- Leukemia
- Breast
- Skin
9 Bhurgri et al. (Aga Khan University Hospital; Zainab Punjwani Hospital and Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center) Larkana, Sindh 2000–2002 2006   - NHL
- Oral cavity
- Prostate
- Liver
- Urinary bladder
- Breast
- Oral cavity
- NHL
- Skin
- Thyroid
10 Bhurgri et al. (Aga Khan University Hospital) Hyderabad, Sindh 1998–2002 2005   - Oral cavity
- NHL
- Lung
- Urinary bladder
- Prostate
- Breast
- Oral cavity
- Gall bladder
- Esophagus
- Cervix
11 Bhurgri et al. (Aga Khan University Hospital) Karachi, Sindh 1998–1999 2002 11,368 - Oral cavity
- Lung
- NHL
- Breast
- Oral cavity
- Ovary
12 Bhurgri et al. (Sindh Medical College, Dow Medical College and Civil Hospital, JPMC, AKUH, Liaquat National Hospital, Zainab Punjwani Hospital, National Institute of Child Health, Baqai Institute of Oncology, Lady Dufferin Hospital, College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan) Karachi, Sindh 1998–1999 2002 14,243 - Lung
- Oral cavity
- Larynx
- Prostate
- Urinary bladder
- Breast
- Oral cavity
- Gall bladder
- Cervix
- Ovary
13 Bhurgri et al. (Karachi Cancer Registry) Karachi, Sindh 1995–1997 2000 4268 - Lung
- Oral cavity
- Larynx
- Urinary bladder
- NHL
- Breast
- Oral cavity
- Ovary
- Cervix
- Esophagus