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Table 3 Complications between 3D and 2D groups

From: Case-matched study of short-term effects of 3D vs 2D laparoscopic radical resection of rectal cancer

Group n Pulmonary infection Wound infection Intestinal obstruction Anastomotic fistula Retention of urine Sexual dysfunction Complication rate
3D 23 2 2 1 2 1 1 8
2D 23 2 1 2 0 3 2 10
χ 2 0.000 0.357 0.357 2.091 1.100 0.357 0.365
P 1.000 0.550 0.550 0.148 0.295 0.550 0.546
  1. 2D two-dimensional, 3D three-dimensional