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Table 2 Comparison of surgical outcome between groups

From: A comparison of cervical delta-shaped anastomosis and circular stapled anastomosis after esophagectomy

  CSA (n = 42) DSA (n = 39) Statistics P value
Width of anastomotic orifice (mm) 11.7 ± 2.2 16.1 ± 4.9 Z = −4.057 <0.001
Anastomotic leak 8 (19.0) 3 (7.7) χ 2 = 2.22 0.197
Anastomotic stenosis 10 (23.8) 1 (2.6) χ 2 = 7.78 0.007
Pulmonary complication 20 (47.6) 17 (43.6) χ 2 = 0.132 0.824
Perioperative mortality 0 (0) 2 (5.1)   0.229 a
Surgical duration (min) 366.3 ± 60.0 360.7 ± 65.8 t = −0.337 0.737
Blood loss (mL) 385.4 ± 117.5 398.7 ± 179.7 t = 0.322 0.748
Mean duration of hospitalisation, days (range) 13.5 (12,75) 14 (10,76) t = −1.551 0.126
Mean duration of ICU stay, days (range) 0 (0,6) 0 (0,27) Z = −0.579 0.563
  1. Unless otherwise stated, values in parentheses denote percentages
  2. ICU intensive care unit
  3. aAnalysed by Fisher’s exact test