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Table 2 Patient and tumor characteristics

From: Two-port laparoscopic anterior resection through a self-made glove device versus conventional laparoscopic anterior resection for rectal cancer: a comparison of short-term surgical results

  TPLAR (n = 27) CLAR (n = 30) p value
Age (years), median (range) 60 (43–71) 61 (49–72) 0.517
Gender    0.462
 Male, n (%) 17 (63.0) 16 (53.3)  
 Female, n (%) 10 (37.0) 14 (46.7)  
BMI (kg/m2), median (range) 24.2 (18.6–33.2) 24.7 (17.2–29.7) 0.911
ASA class    0.930
 ASA 1, n (%) 6 (22.2) 7 (23.3)  
 ASA 2, n (%) 16 (59.3) 19 (63.3)  
 ASA 3, n (%) 5 (18.5) 4 (13.4)  
Previous abdominal operation n (%) 3 (11.1) 5 (16.7) 0.709
Tumor distance from anal verge (cm), median (range) 8 (5–12) 7 (5–12) 0.538
Preoperative TNM stage    0.665
 I, n (%) 3 (11.1) 2 (6.7)  
 II, n (%) 11 (40.7) 10 (33.3)  
 III, n (%) 13 (48.2) 18 (60.0)  
  1. TPLAR two-port laparoscopic anterior resection, CLAR conventional laparoscopic anterior resection, BMI body mass index, ASA class American Society of Anesthesiologists class