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Table 4 Pathology outcomes

From: The detail of the en bloc technique and prognosis of spleen-preserving laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for pancreatic cancer

Variables Value, n (%) or mean ± SD
Histologic factors
 Tumor size (mm) 32 ± 12 (range, 10–60)
 Final histologic diagnosis
 Ductal adenocarcinoma 18 (79 %)
 Adenocarcinoma associated with IPMC 4 (17 %)
 Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma 1 (4 %)
Differentiation
 Well 11 (48 %)
 Others 12 (52 %)
Harvested LNs 19.8 ± 9.3 (range, 5–40)
Metastatic LNs 2.0 ± 4.1 (range, 0–20)
Surgical margin positive 0
Stage of tumor (UICC classification)
 pT1 3 (13 %)
 pT2 8 (35 %)
 pT3 11 (48 %)
 pT4 1 (4 %)
 pN0 9 (39 %)
 pN1 14 (61 %)
p stage
 IA 2 (8.5 %)
 IB 5 (22 %)
 IIA 2 (8.5 %)
 IIB 13 (57 %)
 III 1 (4 %)
  1. IPMC intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma, LN lymph node, UICC Union for International Cancer Control classification, 7th edition