Skip to main content

Table 4 Postoperative complications of thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy (TE) compared with open Mckeown esophagectomy (ME)

From: Comparison of thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy with cervical anastomosis with McKeown esophagectomy for middle esophageal cancer

  Complications ME TE p
Clavien–Dindo grade
Minor 1 Urinary retention 2 1 0.677
  Hypokalemia 2 3 0.400
2 Atrial fibrillation 8 1 0.033*
  Pulmonary complications 5 1 0.150
  Wound infection 1 0 0.362
  Recurrent nerve injury 4 1 0.248
  Chyle leak 3 1 0.410
Major 3 Pulmonary complications 3 1 0.410
  Chyle leak 2 1 0.677
  Anastomotic leak 1 1 0.889
  Myocardial infarction 0 1 0.268
4 Pulmonary complications ARDS 2 0 0.196
  Necrosis of gastric tube 0 1 0.268
  Anastomotic leak 1 0 0.362
5 (death) DVT/pulmonary embolism 1 0 0.362
  1. ME McKeown esophagectomy, TE thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy, DVT deep vein thrombosis
  2. *p < 0.05