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Table 3 Operative outcomes data

From: Comparison of thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy with cervical anastomosis with McKeown esophagectomy for middle esophageal cancer

  ME group (n = 62) TE group (n = 51) p
Operation time (min) 252.6 ± 25.8 268.5 ± 34.5 0.006*
Thoracic surgery time (min) 61.2 ± 16.8 69.4 ± 23.6 0.034*
Intraoperative Blood loss (ml) 266.5 ± 98.5 211.8 ± 85.7 0.002*
Blood transfusion (%) 16 (25.8 %) 5 (9.8 %) 0.030
Drainage POD1 (ml) 357.6 ± 102.5 218.5 ± 95.9 <0.0001**
Pulmonary complications (total) 11 (17.7 %) 2 (3.9 %) 0.035
Reintubation 3 (4.8 %) 0 (0 %) 0.111
ICU stay (h) 22.1 ± 5.6 15.7 ± 6.5 <0.0001**
In-hospital stay (days) 15.6 ± 6.8 12.5 ± 4.8 0.007*
In-hospital stay mortality (%) 1 (1.6 %) 0 (0 %) 0.362
Hospitalization cost (dollar) 4856 ± 1255 6583 ± 1643 <0.0001*
  1. ME McKeown esophagectomy, TE thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy, POD1 first day postoperative day, ICU intensive care unit
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.0001