Square (black square) represents the ME group; triangle (black triangle) represents the TE group. *p < 0.05; #
p < 0.0001.
a The number of white blood cell was compared between two groups in pre and 5 days after operation: the number of WBC was significantly less on POD 1, 2, and 3 in TE group. b The body temperature was compared between two groups: the temperature was lower on POD 1 and 2 in TE group. c The respiratory rate was compared between two groups: the RR was less on POD 0 and 1 in TE group. d The heart rate was compared between two groups: the HR was faster on POD 1, 2, and 3 in ME group