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Table 5 The quality of life of the patients in the ESD and radical operation groups

From: A comparison of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and radical surgery for early gastric cancer: a retrospective study

  ESD group (n = 29) Radical operation group (n = 59) P
QLQ-C30 function
 Overall health status 86.8 ± 23.4 76.5 ± 18.6 <0.05
 Physical functioning 79.2 ± 16.3 70.5 ± 14.1 <0.05
 Role functioning 88.4 ± 25.3 79.8 ± 27.7 NS
 Emotional functioning 82.3 ± 18.2 77.5 ± 17.6 NS
 Cognitive functioning 87.4 ± 16.2 83.7 ± 15.3 NS
 Social functioning 84.9 ± 15.3 72.5 ± 26.8 <0.05
QLQ-C30 symptoms
 Fatigue 15.3 ± 6.5 24.8 ± 11.3 <0.05
 Nausea and vomiting 9.6 ± 5.6 17.3 ± 7.8 <0.05
 Pain 8.1 ± 3.3 10.8 ± 6.9 NS
 Dyspnoea 3.8 ± 2.3 5.5 ± 3.2 NS
 Insomnia 9.1 ± 7.5 14.3 ± 5.8 NS
 Loss of appetite 7.3 ± 4.2 15.6 ± 8.8 <0.05
 Constipation 6.8 ± 5.5 16.2 ± 9.4 <0.05
 Diarrhoea 8.5 ± 5.9 11.3 ± 6.3 NS
 Financial difficulties 9.9 ± 3.4 13.3 ± 6.5 NS
QLQ-STO22 symptoms
 Dysphagia 10.3 ± 8.7 15.7 ± 7.9 NS
 Pain 9.6 ± 5.1 15.3 ± 9.4 NS
 Reflux 8.0 ± 8.6 21.5 ± 6.8 <0.01
 Eating restrictions 6.7 ± 5.9 13.6 ± 11.8 <0.05
 Anxiety 11.9 ± 5.5 18.9 ± 7.1 NS
 Dry mouth 11.5 ± 8.9 16.6 ± 6.3 NS
 Taste problems 10.3 ± 8.3 14.5 ± 8.9 NS
 Body image issues 12.5 ± 5.1 21.4 ± 5.5 <0.05
 Hair loss 9.6 ± 3.2 11.6 ± 3.5 NS
  1. P were calculated by ANCOVA adjusted for gender and follow up duration
  2. QLQ quality of life questionnaire