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Table 4 The complications observed in the ESD and radical operation groups

From: A comparison of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and radical surgery for early gastric cancer: a retrospective study

Operation ESD Radical operation
Complications
Postoperative delayed haemorrhage 2  
Perforation   
Acute postoperative adhesive ileus   1
Symptomatic postoperative residual gastritis   3
Postoperative hypoproteinaemia and seroperitoneum   1
Postoperative iron deficiency anaemia   1
Marginal ulcer   2
Postoperative gastrointestinal disturbance   1