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Table 2 Surgical outcomes, complications and hospital costs according to the use of a robot during distal pancreatectomy

From: Robotic spleen-preserving laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy: a single-centered Chinese experience

  RDP (n = 7) LDP (n = 21) P value
Mean operative time (min) 368 210 0.0002
Mean blood loss (mL) 200 250 0.451
Transfusion (no. of patients) (%) 0 0  
Conversion (no. of patients) (%) 0 0  
Reverse operation (no. of patients) (%) 0 1 (4.7)a  
Mean postoperative stay (days) 8.7 10.6 0.004
Complications (no. of patients) (%) 2 (28.6) 7 (33.3) 0.815
Grade, Clavien classification II (1), III (1) I (5), II (1), III (1)  
Hospital costs ($) 10,125 6921 0.0002
  1. RDP robot-assisted distal pancreatectomy, LDP laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy
  2. aA second operation was required in one patient of the LPD group (4.7 %) who had a postoperation hemorrhage