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Table 3 Variables for adverse clinical outcomes for right hemicolectomy patients with and without laparoscopy in Taiwan

From: Comparison of clinical outcome between laparoscopic and open right hemicolectomy: a nationwide study

Variables Intensive care unit admission Acute respiratory failure Mechanical ventilation
Open right hemicolectomy 2.96*** (2.50–3.50) 4.98*** (2.64–9.37) 3.41*** (2.58–4.53)
Patient characteristics    
 Sex 1.03 (0.96–1.11) 1.13 (0.94–1.35) 1.11* (1.00–1.22)
 Age 1.76*** (1.69–1.83) 1.90*** (1.69–2.14) 2.03*** (1.90–2.17)
 Charlson comorbidity index score    
 0    
 1 1.65*** (1.35–2.02) 0.99 (0.67–1.48) 1.59*** (1.25–2.03)
 2 4.66*** (3.02–7.18) 1.80 (0.98–3.32) 2.79*** (1.84–4.25)
 3 0.60*** (0.53–0.68) 0.42*** (0.32–0.55) 0.47*** (0.40–0.56)
 4 0.93 (0.80–1.08) 0.48*** (0.34–0.67) 0.77** (0.64–0.94)
 ≥5 0.82** (0.73–0.92) 0.43*** (0.33–0.56) 0.56*** (0.48–0.66)
Hospital characteristics    
 Hospital teaching status 1.06 (0.92–1.23) 0.69* (0.51–0.95) 0.60*** (0.50–0.72)
 Hospital location    
 Northern    
 Central 0.77*** (0.70–0.85) 1.89*** (1.52–2.36) 0.95 (0.83–1.09)
 Southern 1.07 (0.99–1.16) 1.30* (1.05–1.61) 1.00 (0.89–1.13)
 Eastern 1.44** (1.11–1.87) 2.18** (1.26–3.78) 1.07 (0.73–1.56)
 Surgeon characteristics    
 Sex 1.08 (0.80–1.45) 0.73 (0.41–1.30) 1.04 (0.72–1.52)
 Age 0.75 (0.71–0.78) 0.68*** (0.59–0.77) 0.70*** (0.62–0.72)
Variables In-hospital death Intratracheal intubation general anesthesia Hospitalization for pneumonia
Open right hemicolectomy 4.01*** (2.25–7.16) 3.44*** (2.08–5.69) 1.78*** (1.28–2.47)
Patient characteristics    
 Sex 1.16 (0.97–1.38) 1.19* (1.02–1.39) 1.73*** (1.50–2.00)
 Age 1.45*** (1.32–1.60) 1.66*** (1.51–1.83) 2.21*** (1.99–2.46)
 Charlson comorbidity index score    
 0    
 1 1.60* (1.08–2.37) 1.65** (1.14–2.39) 1.74** (1.23–2.47)
 2 1.45 (0.70–3.00) 1.67 (0.86–3.26) 1.10 (0.53–2.27)
 3 0.47*** (0.35–0.63) 0.72* (0.55–0.94) 0.67** (0.52–0.87)
 4 0.61** (0.43–0.87) 0.97 (0.72–1.32) 1.10 (0.83–1.45)
 ≥5 0.83 (0.64–1.09) 0.68** (0.52–0.88) 0.91 (0.72–1.12)
Hospital characteristics    
 Hospital teaching status 0.59*** (0.44–0.79) 0.66** (0.50–0.86) 0.86 (0.66–1.13)
 Hospital location    
 Northern    
 Central 0.82 (0.65–1.04) 1.10 (0.88–1.37) 1.39*** (1.16–1.66)
 Southern 0.82 (0.67–1.01) 1.60*** (1.34–1.90) 1.15 (0.98–1.35)
 Eastern 0.96 (0.50–1.83) 0.71 (0.33–1.52) 1.25 (0.75–2.08)
 Surgeon characteristics    
 Sex 0.45*** (0.28–0.71) 1.01 (0.54–1.88) 0.67 (0.42–1.08)
 Age 0.69*** (0.61–0.78) 0.94 (0.84–1.05) 0.84*** (0.76–0.92)
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001