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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the patients

From: Treatment of renal cell carcinoma with a level III or level IV inferior vena cava thrombus using cardiopulmonary bypass and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest

Parameters Values
Number of patients, n 32
Median age (IQR), years 56 (48 to 62)
Male/female, n 19/13
Left/right kidney, n 12/20
Thrombus level III/IV, n 25/7
Median tumor size (range), centimeters 12 (8 to 20)
Median (IQR) duration of
  Surgery, minutes 360 (300 to 435)
  CPB, minutes 149 (138 to 177)
  DHCA, minutes 23 (17 to 32)
Patients requiring IVC grafts, n 0
Median hospital stay (range), days 7 (5 to 10)
Estimated blood loss (IQR), milliliters 2,500 (1,650 to 4,000)
Tumor stage
  pT3b 24
  pT3c 5
  pT4 3
Tumor pathology
  Clear cell 25
  Papillary 5
  PENT 2
  1. CPB, cardiopulmonary bypass; DHCA, deep hypothermic circulatory arrest; IQR, interquartile range; PENT, primitive neuroectodermal tumor.