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Table 2 Detailed perioperative complication of 84 male patients who underwent RRC and consequent PCR

From: Retrograde radical cystectomy and consequent peritoneal cavity reconstruction benefits localized male bladder cancer: results from a cohort study

Category Complication Total ( n )
Gastrointestinal Ileusa 2
Constipationb 1
Gastrointestinal bleeding 1
Bowel leak 0
Clostridium difficile colitis 0
Gastric ulcer 1
Infectious FUO 1
UTI 12
Sepsis 1
Pyelonephritis 1
Gastroenteritis 0
Cholecystitis 0
Pelvic abscess 2
Wound Wound dehiscence 1
Surgical site infection 1
Genitourinary Renal failure 0
Hydronephrosis 2
Urinary leak 1
Necrosis of ileal conduit 0
Parastomal hernia 0
Testitis 1
Cardiac Arrhythmia 1
Myocardial infarction 1
Acute heart failure 1
Pulmonary Respiratory distress 0
Pneumonia 1
Bleeding Anemia requiring transfusion 2
Postoperative bleed other than GI 0
Thromboembolic Deep venous thrombosis 1
Pulmonary embolism 0
Neurological Peripheral neuropathy 1
Delirium/agitation 0
Surgical Vascular injury 1
Anastomotic bowel leak 0
Rectum injury 0
Miscellaneous Lymphatic leak 11
  1. n, the total number of patients within that category; FUO, fever of unknown origin; UTI, urinary tract infection; GI, gastrointestinal; PCR: peritoneal cavity reconstruction; RRC: retrograde radical cystectomy. aIleus is defined as postoperative nausea or vomiting associated with abdominal distension confirmed by radiological examination. bConstipation is defined as inability to have a bowel movement by postoperative day 5 with no signs of ileus or small bowel obstruction. Infectious complications were diagnosed by positive culture. Prolonged lymphatic leak is defined as more than 100-ml drainage output for 2 days starting from postoperative day 3.