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Table 2 Surgical features

From: A literature review on surgery for cervical vagal schwannomas

Author Number of patients Surgical procedure Approach Preoperative symptoms Vagus resection Postoperative symptoms Complete recovery
Hwang [15] 1 Extracapsular resection Transaxillary + +
Ogawa [16] 1 Extracapsular resection Transcervical + +
Yasumatsu [17] 10 5 extracapsular resections Transcervical n.r. n.r. n.r.
5 intracapsular excisions
Gibber [6] 1 Intracapsular excision Transcervical  
Bilancia [18] 1 Intracapsular excision Transcervical + +
Chai [19] 1 Intracapsular excision Transcervical + n.r. +
Lahoti [3] 4 n.r. n.r. n.r. 2 + 2− n.r.
Lee [9] 1 Extracapsular resection Transcervical +
Liu [7] 6 n.r. n.r. n.r. n.r. n.r. n.r.
Sreevatsa [20] 3 Intracapsular excision n.r.
Kim [21] 6 Intracapsular excision n.r. 1 + 5− n.r.
Chiofalo [22] 1 Extracapsular resection Transcervical + + +
Bahayani [24] 1 Debulking Transcervical + +
Peyvandi [4] 1 Extracapsular resection Transcervical n.r. n.r.
Biswas [1] 2 n.r. n.r. 1 + 1 n.r. + +
Kang [25] 6 Intracapsular excision Transcervical n.r. 3 + 3− +
Lagner [2] 3 n.r. n.r. n.r. n.r. n.r. n.r.
Moroni [26] 1 Extracapsular resection Transcervical + n.r.
Roh [27] 1 Intracapsular excision Postauricular  
Matsuo [23] 1 n.r. Transcervical + +
Ruckert [5] 1 Extracapsular resection Transcervical n.r. + n.r.
Personal Experience 2 Intracapsular excision Transcervical + 1 + 1−
  1. n.r., not reported.