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Table 3 Pooled short-term outcomes of meta-analysis

From: Systematic review and meta-analysis of totally laparoscopic versus laparoscopic assisted distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer

Outcomes Number of studies Sample size Heterogeneity ( P, I 2) Overall effect size 95% CI of overall effect P value
LADG TLDG
Operation time (min) 12 1,228 1,027 <0.01, 97% WMD = 7.59 −8.08 to 23.25 0.34
Blood loss (ml) 10 764 677 <0.01, 92% WMD = 36.92 13.43 to 60.41 <0.01
Retrieved lymph nodes 10 1,045 833 0.23, 23% WMD = −1.01 −2.07 to 0.07 0.06
Proximal margin (cm) 8 982 874 <0.01, 96% WMD = −0.48 −1.28 to 0.31 0.23
Distal margin (cm) 5 846 647 <0.01, 74% WMD = −0.51 −1.06 to 0.05 0.07
Analgesics use (times) 5 764 491 <0.01, 84% WMD = 0.52 −0.17 to 1.21 0.14
Time to first flatus (days) 10 882 763 <0.01, 96% WMD = 0.23 −0.13 to 0.59 0.21
Time to liquid diet (days) 6 292 333 <0.01, 92% WMD = 0.30 −0.15 to 0.75 0.19
Time to soft diet (days) 5 571 522 <0.01, 81% WMD = 0.60 0.04 to 1.17 0.04
Hospital stay (days) 12 1228 1027 <0.01, 80% WMD = 0.68 0.17 to 1.18 <0.01
Overall complications 12 1228 1027 0.41, 3% RR = 0.97 0.75 to 1.27 0.85
  1. RR, risk ratio; WMD, weighted mean difference.