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Table 3 Complications

From: Whipple procedure: a review of a 7-year clinical experience in a referral center for hepatobiliary and pancreas diseases

Complications Number Percent
Delayed emptying 23 32.9%
Cardiac complications 15 21.4%
Wound infection 12 17.1%
Pneumonia 7 10.0%
Hemorrhage 5 7.1%
GI leakage 5 7.1%
Renal failure 4 5.7%
Biliary fistula 2 2.9%
Pancreatic fistula 0 0.0%
Cholangitis 0 0.0%