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Table 5 Correlations between global health status/QOL scores and functional and symptom scales of EORTC QLQ-CR38

From: A longitudinal study of gender differences in quality of life among Japanese patients with lower rectal cancer treated with sphincter-saving surgery: a 1-year follow-up

  EORTC QLQ-CR38
  Functional scales Symptom scales/items (#)
  Body image Future perspective Sexual functioning Sexual enjoyment Micturition problems Gastrointestinal tract symptoms Defecation problems Weight loss
Before Surgery Men R 0.674 0.699 0.222 0.200 −0.137 −0.422 −0.349 −0.288
  p <0.001 <0.001 0.158 0.397 0.387 0.005 0.025 0.064
Women R 0.585 0.167 0.144 0.546 −0.182 −0.377 −0.206 −0.355
  p 0.001 0.354 0.455 0.129 0.312 0.031 0.266 0.043
1 month after surgery Men R 0.565 0.685 0.240 0.575 −0.241 −0.528 −0.527 −0.568
  p <0.001 <0.001 0.125 0.025 0.124 <0.001 <0.001 0.001
Women R 0.602 0.543 0.063 0.278 −0.166 −0.437 −0.430 −0.330
   p <0.001 0.001 0.733 0.594 0.357 0.011 0.012 0.061
6 months after surgery Men R 0.450 0.501 0.193 0.281 −0.311 −0.393 −0.538 −0.159
  p 0.003 0.002 0.221 0.072 0.045 0.010 <0.001 0.315
Women R 0.205 0.247 0.549 0.415 −0.136 −0.083 −0.082 −0.100
  p 0.252 0.165 0.001 0.016 0.452 0.644 0.650 0.582
12 months after surgery Men R 0.450 0.501 0.193 0.281 −0.311 −0.393 −0.538 −0.159
  p 0.003 0.002 0.221 0.072 0.045 0.010 <0.001 0.315
Women R 0.352 0.469 0.211 0.218 −0.470 −0.213 −0.235 −0.154
  p 0.044 0.006 0.247 0.230 0.006 0.234 0.188 0.391
  1. Males (n = 42), females (n = 33). Higher scores on functional scales and overall QOL scale indicate higher levels of functioning. Higher scores on symptoms scale or single items (#) indicate higher levels of symptoms or problems.