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Table 1 Reported cases of invasion or occlusion of great veins by thyroid cancer since 1930

From: Thyroid cancer causing obstruction of the great veins in the neck

Study Gender Age Signs SVCO/dilated veins Diagnosis Pathology Extension Treatment Outcome
Wylegschanin (1930) [17] F 52 Yes At autopsy Follicular cell carcinoma JV, BV, SVC, RA   Died 2 months
Holt (1934) [5] M 72 Yes At autopsy Adeno-carcinoma JV, BV, SCV   Died 5 days
Mencarelli (1934) [17] M 56 Yes At autopsy Anaplastic carcinoma JV, RV   Sudden death
Kim (1966) [6] M 64 Yes At autopsy Follicular cell carcinoma JV, BV, SVC, RA   Died 18 days
Muta (1977) [7] F 37 No At surgery Papillary cell carcinoma BV Thrombectomy Not reported
Thompson (1978) [8] F 67 Yes Venography Follicular cell carcinoma JV, BV, SVC, RA Thrombectomy Alive 24 months
Perez (1984) [9] F 48 No Venography, CT Follicular cell carcinoma JV, BV, SVC Thrombectomy Alive 4 months with metastases
Sirota (1989) [10] F 61 Yes At autopsy Papillary cell carcinoma AV EBRT, 131I Died 8 months
Niderle (1990) [11] M 57 Yes Venography, CT Follicular cell carcinoma JV, BV, SVC, RA Thrombectomy Died 13 months
Thomas (1991) [12 ] M 61 Yes CT Thyroid cancer (unspecified) JV   Sudden death
Lalak (1997) [13] F 68 No At surgery Follicular cell carcinoma JV Thrombectomy segmental resection JV Alive 9 months
Patel (1997) [2] F 79 Yes CT Papillary cell carcinoma JV, SVC, BV, PV Thrombectomy resection JV Died postoperatively Day 12
Onaran (1998) [14] M 48 No CT Hurthle cell carcinoma JV, SCV Thrombectomy Segmental resection JV Died 12 months
  F 48 No Ultrasound Papillary cell carcinoma JV Segmental resection JV Alive 37 months
  F 68 No At surgery Hurthle cell carcinoma JV Segmental resection JV Alive over 36 months
Bussani (1999) [15] F 67 Yes At autopsy Follicular cell carcinoma JV EBRT Died 4 months
Wiseman (2000) [16] M 84 No CT Thyroid cancer (unspecified) JV, BV, SVC, RA 131I Died 12 months
Mishra (2001) [3] F 30 No At surgery Poorly differentiated papillary thyroid carcinoma JV Excision JV Unknown
  F 32 No Venography Papillary carcinoma BV, JV Resection JV, shaved off BV131I Alive 4 yrs 10 month
  F 36 No At surgery Poorly differentiated papillary carcinoma JV Excision JV Thrombectomy 131I Alive 2 yrs 6 months
  F 36 No CT Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma JV Radical neck dissection Died 4 days post-operatively
  M 60 Yes CT Undifferentiated papillary thyroid carcinoma JV Excision JV Died 1 day post-operatively
Koike (2002) [17] F 26 No At surgery Papillary cell carcinoma BV, SVC Thrombectomy Alive 8 months
Sugimoto (2006) [18] M 61 Yes CT, MRI, Venography Poorly differentiated papillary cell carcinoma BV, SVC, RA Excision BV, SVC Thrombectomy Vein graft Died 12 days post-operatively of renal failure