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Table 3 Comparison of the preoperative risk profile between patients with squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.

From: Morbidity and mortality after esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma: A risk analysis

Parameter Squamous cell carcinoma (n = 229) Adenocarcinoma (n = 150) p-value
- Age (years) 56.0 (29–84) 61.0 (28–78) 0.0001*
- Sex (% males) 79.8 87.4 0.071
- BMI (kg/m2) 23.2 (13.9–34.9) 25.8 (15.8–39.3) 0.0001*
- ASA-classification (%)    
-II 33.2 43.2  
-III 62.4 52.1 0.072
-IV 4.4 4.8  
- Nutritional risk (%)    
-No nutritional risk (%) 16.2 43.2 0.0001*
-Alcohol use (%) 69.5 42.9 0.0001*
-Tobacco use (%) 73.5 38.1 0.0001*
-Combined risk (%) 83.8 56.9 0.0001*
- Cardiovascular PD (%) 30.4 24.7 0.240
- Pulmonary PD (%) 14.7 14.4 0.593
-VC (l) 3.7 (1.0–6.6) 3.8 (1.9–6.1) 0.3063
-FEV 1 (l/sec) 2.8 (0.5–5.2) 3.1 (1.3–5.9) 0.0078*
- Hepatopathy (%) 8.1 1.4 0.0001*
- Diabetes mellitus (%) 4.9 7.5 0.369
- Secondary carcinoma (%) 11.2 8.2 0.382
  1. *statistically significant