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Table 4 Survival of patients with breast carcinoma after the onset of pleural effusion.

From: Results of chemical pleurodesis with mitoxantrone in malignant pleural effusion from breast cancer

Reference Number of patients Survival
Konikov et al [18] 37 mean 6.1 months
Anderson et al [19] 35 mean 9.5 months
Rosato et al [20] 50 mean 19 months (dead)
mean 54 months (alive)
Martini et al [21] 33 median 14 months
Chernow et al [22] 13 mean 7.3 months
Fentiman et al [23] 105 mean 15.7 months
Raju et al [24] 122 mean 9.7 months
Saisho et al [25] 21 42.5% at 1 year
16.5% at 2 years
Present study 114 mean 15.6 ± 2 months
median 13.7 months