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Table 5 The comparison of analgesic related adverse events and postoperative complications between groups

From: A comparison of thoracic or lumbar patient-controlled epidural analgesia methods after thoracic surgery

  Group TEA (n = 57) Group LEA (n = 63) P*
Hypotension episode 8 (12.7) 21 (36.8) 0.002*
Bradycardia 2 (3.2) 9 (15.8) 0.017*
Nausea and vomiting 7 (11.1) 4 (7) 0.438
ICU stay > 24 hr 0 (0) 5 (7.9) 0.031*
Atelectasis 1 (1.8) 7 (11.1) 0.042*
Pneumonia 2 (3.2) 3 (5.3) 0.567
Reintubation 2 (3.2) 0 0.175
Bronchopleural fistula 1 (1.6) 2 (3.5) 0.501
Rethoracotomy 2 (3.2) 3 (5.3) 0.567
Permanent neurological dysfunction 0 0 NS
  1. *P < 0.05, (n,%), Hypotension episode: fall in systolic blood pressure more than 25% of baseline value for a period of less than 15 minutes. ICU, intensive care unit; LEA, lumbar epidural group; TEA, thoracic epidural group; NS, not significant.