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Table 1 Four cases of malignant transformation of endometriosis in the abdominal wall with lymph metastasis

From: Clear cell carcinoma arising from abdominal wall endometriosis: a unique case with bladder and lymph node metastasis

Case (reference) Age Time to onset Tumor size Histology Lymph metastasis Treatment Outcome
   (years) (cm)   (involved/total)   
1. [6] 38 13 10 CCC Right iliac lymph node (1/28) TAH + BSO 4 month NED
       Omentectomy  
       Radical resection  
       Lymph node dissection  
       Chemotherapy  
2. [7] 53 21 5 CCC Inguinal nodes (17/17) TAH + BS 11 month DOD
      Pelvic lymph nodes (10/14) Omentectomy  
       Radical resection  
       Lymph node dissection  
3. [9] 48 16 6 Mixed endometrioid and serous carcinoma Left iliac lymph nodes (2/not mentioned) Radical resection 15 month NED
       Curettage  
       Lymph node dissection  
       Chemotherapy  
       LH + BSO  
This case 39 17 6 CCC Inguinal nodes (8/8) Radical resection 12 month DOD
      Pelvic lymph nodes (18/21) TAH + BSO  
      Para-aortic lymph nodes (6/6) Omentectomy  
       Lymph node dissection  
       Chemotherapy and Chinese herbal medicine  
  1. BSO, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy; CCC, clear cell carcinoma; DOD, died of disease; NED, no evidence of disease; TAH, transabdominal hysterectomy. LH, laparoscopic hysterectomy.