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Table 3 Factors predicting overall survival

From: Palliative distal gastrectomy offers no survival benefit over gastrojejunostomy for gastric cancer with outlet obstruction: retrospective analysis of an 11-year experience

Variables Univariate Multivariate
  HR CI (95%) P value HR CI (95%) P value
Sex 1.73 0.79–3.59 0.16    
Age 1.41 0.69–2.96 0.35    
Operative procedure 1.13 0.56–2.28 0.73    
ECOG PS 3.01 1.08–7.22 0.04 1.78 0.54–5.40 0.33
Histology 1.12 0.55–2.30 0.76    
Preoperative GOOSS 1.22 0.51–2.62 0.63    
Postoperative chemotherapy 0.20 0.09–0.48 0.0007 0.16 0.06–0.49 0.0016
Postoperative complication(s) 3.68 1.50–8.62 0.0054 5.88 2.24–15.35 0.0005
Liver metastasis 2.43 0.95–5.49 0.06    
Peritoneal metastasis 1.04 0.51–2.13 0.92    
Direct invasion into neighboring organ(s) 1.22 0.60–2.46 0.58    
  1. CI, Confidence interval; ECOG, European Clinical Oncology Group; GOOSS, Gastric outlet obstruction scoring system; HR, Hazard ratio.