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Table 5 Postoperative complications and their management

From: Combined ultrasonic aspiration and saline-linked radiofrequency precoagulation: a step toward bloodless liver resection without the need of liver inflow occlusion: analysis of 313 consecutive patients

  Type of operation    Management
Major liver resection (199) Minor liver resection (114) Total P-value  
Complications 59 (29.6%) 25 (21.9%) 84 (26.8%) 0.138  
Pleural effusion 23 (11.6%) 10 (8.8%) 33 (10.5%) 0.440 28: conservatively
5: drainage
Bile leak 9 (4.5%) 7 (6.1%) 16 (5.1%) 0.532 8: spontaneously resolved
5: ERCP and stenting
3: PTCBD
Wound infection 27 (13.6%) 12 (10.5%) 39 (12.5%) 0.433 36: antibiotics
3: debridement
Intraabdominal hemorrhage (minor) 2 (1%) 2 (1.8%) 4 (1.3%) 0.624 PRBC transfusion
DVT 4 (2%) 3 (2.6%) 7 (2.2%) 0.703 7: LMWH
Intraabdominal collection 8 (4%) 6 (5.3%) 14 (4.5%) 0.609 8: percutaneous drainage
6: conservatively/antibiotics
Transient hepatic failure 6 (3%) 0 (0%) 6 (1.9%) 0.09 Conservatively
Thirty-day mortality 1 (0.5%) 1 (0.9%) 2 (0.6%)   
  1. DVT: deep vein thrombosis;
  2. ERCP: endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography;
  3. LMWH: low molecular weight heparin;
  4. PRBC: packed red blood cells;
  5. PTCBD: percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage.