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Table 1 Clinical features of the patients with pancreatic metastases from primary breast cancer

From: Pancreatic solitary and synchronous metastasis from breast cancer: a case report and systematic review of controversies in diagnosis and treatment

Author and reference Patients with pancreatic metastases (n) Patients with primary breast cancer (n) and subtype Age (years) Disease--free interval (months) Presenting symptoms Localization of metastases at diagnosis Characteristics of metastasis at diagnosis Clinical management Outcome (overall survival in months)
Akashi [15] 15 1 (lobular) 47 41 NR Head of pancreas Solitary Pancreaticoduodenectomy 28
Bonapasta [16] 1 1 (ductal) 51 24 Jaundice, pain Head of pancreas Solitary Cephalic pancreaticoduodenectomy 36
Azzarelli [17] 1 1 (lobular) 49 43 Jaundice Head of pancreas Solitary Pancreaticoduodenectomy, RT 72
Bednar [18] 2 1 (lobular) 75 96 Jaundice, pain Head of pancreas Solitary Pancreaticoduodenectomy 48
1 (phyllodes) 57 48 Abdominal pain Head of pancreas, lung Widespread disease CHT 15
Crippa [19] 13 1 (lobular) 46 60 Jaundice Head of pancreas Solitary Pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy 22
1 (lobular) 70 36 Jaundice, pain Head of pancreas Solitary Pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy 38
1 (lobular) 57 84 Jaundice, pain Head of pancreas Solitary Pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy 26
Dar [20] 5 1(ductal) 76 108 NR Pancreas, liver Widespread disease Palliative bypass 6
Engel [21] 1 1 (signet-ring cells) 59 46 Pruritis, dark urine Head of pancreas Solitary By-pass, CHT 15
Kitamura [22] 1 1 (ductal) 55 117 Jaundice Head of pancreas Solitary Percutaneous transhepaticcholangio-drainage 1
Le Borgne [23] 12 1 (lobular) 48 Synchronous Jaundice Head of pancreas Solitary Pancreaticoduodenectomy, CHT 12
Mehta [24] 1 1 (comedo type) 30 36 Jaundice, pruritis Head of pancreas Solitary Pancreaticoduodenectomy, CHT, HT 27
Mountney [25] 1 1 (lobular) 57 16 Jaundice Head of pancreas Solitary By-pass, HT 24
Moussa [26] 22 1 (ductal) 53 132 Acute pancreatitis Head of pancreas Solitary RT, CHT, HT 50
1 (lobular) 35 45 Abdominal mass Body of pancreas Solitary Total pancreatectomy, CHT 7
Nomizu [27] 1 1 (lobular) 46 80 Jaundice Head of pancreas Solitary Pancreaticoduodenectomy, CHT, HT 18
Pan [28] 6 1 (lobular) 59 182 Jaundice Head of pancreas Solitary CHT, HT 21
Pappo [29] 1 1 (lobular) 52 24 Jaundice Pancreas, gallbladder Widespread disease Bypass, HT 16
Pérez Ochoa [30] 2 1 (lobular) 60 1 Jaundice Head of pancreas, Widespread disease Biliary stent, cephalic 2
     Bone   Pancreaticoduodenectomy, CHT  
1 (ductal) 55 108 None Tail of pancreas Solitary Distal pancreatectomy, splenectomy, CHT 2
Tohnosu [31] 1 1 (scirrhous type) 54 52 None Tail of pancreas Solitary Distal pancreatectomy, CHT, HT 5
Z’graggen [32] 10 1 (lobular) NR 96 Jaundice Head of pancreas Solitary Biliary and gastric bypass (hepaticojejunostomy and gastrojejunostomy), CHT 54
  1. CHT, chemotherapy; HT, hormonal therapy; NR, not reported; RT, radiotherapy.