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Table 3 Postoperative complications and functional outcome

From: Pharyngoesophageal reconstruction after resection of hypopharyngeal carcinoma: a new algorithm after analysis of 142 cases

Systemic complications
   Respiratory 15
   Cardiac 10
   Sepsis syndrome 15
   Others 5
Total flap loss
   Free jejunal flap 3 (10.7%)
   Pectoralis myocutaneous flap 1 (2.1%)
Early fistula
   Myocutaneous flap 12 out of 50 cases (24%)
   Free jejunal flap 2 out of 25 cases (8%)
   Augmented colon bypass 1 out of 4 cases (25%)
   Gastric pull up 5 out of 34 cases (14.7%)
   Gastric tube 3 out of 30 cases (10%)
Late stricture
   Myocutaneous flap 13 out of 50 cases (26%)
   Free jejunal flap 1 out of 25 cases (4%)
   Augmented colon bypass 0
   Gastric pull up 3 out of 34 cases (8.8%)
   Gastric tube 2out of 30 cases (6.7%)
Resuming solid diet
   Myocutaneous flap 20 out of 50 cases (40%)
   Free jejunal flap 20 out of 25 cases (80%)
   Augmented colon bypass 3 out of 4 cases (75%)
   Gastric pull up 28 out of 34 cases (82.4%)
   Gastric tube 26 out of 30 cases (86.7%)
Median follow-up in months (range) 60 (9–108)
Disease-free survival rates
   1 year 62%
   5 year 25%
Overall survival rate
   1 year 80.5%
   5 year 50.7%
  1. Values are shown as number, unless otherwise indicated.