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Table 3 Cosmetic results

From: Skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction: a retrospective analysis of the surgical and patient-reported outcomes

  Group 1 (n = 39) Group 2 (n = 26) P-value
  mean±SD (range)/n (%) mean±SD (range)/n (%)  
Nipple reconstruction    0.128
 No 18 (46.2) 17 (65.4)  
 Yes 21 (53.8) 9 (34.6)  
Contralateral procedure    0.334
 No 38 (97.4) 24 (92.3)  
 Yes (reduction) 1 (2.6) 2 (7.7)  
Donor site scar length, cm 17.0 ± 2.8 (7.0 to 24.0) 17.2 ± 1.8 (13.0 to 22.0) 0.788
Breast skin incision    0.241
 Circum-areolar only 32 (82.1) 24 (92.3)  
 Other incision added 7 (17.9) 2 (7.7)  
Breast size symmetry 6.9 ± 2.0 (3.0 to 10.0) 8.7 ± 1.4 (5.0 to 10.0) <0.001
Visual difference    0.023
 No 3 (7.7) 9 (34.6)  
 −5 2 (5.1) 1 (3.8)  
 −10 4 (10.3) 8 (30.8)  
 −20 5 (12.8) 2 (7.7)  
 −30 14 (35.9) 2 (7.7)  
 −40 2 (5.1) 2 (7.7)  
 −50 3 (7.7) 2 (7.7)  
 −60 3 (7.7) 0  
 −70 2 (5.1) 0  
 +10 1 (2.6) 0  
Breast Contour    0.971
 Good 31 (79.5) 21 (80.8)  
 Depression 6 (15.4) 4 (15.4)  
 Bulging 2 (5.1) 1 (3.8)  
Nipple cosmesis 7.7 ± 1.6 (3.0 to 10.0) 9.0 ± 0.9 (6.0 to10.0) <0.001
Surgeon assessment 6.9 ± 2.1 (3.0 to 10.0) 8.8 ± 1.3 (5.0 to10.0) <0.001
Breast clinic nurse assessment 7.2 ± 2.0 (3.0 to 10.0) 9.1 ± 1.0 (6.0 to 10.0) <0.001