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Table 1 Demographics and characteristics of women diagnosed with breast carcinoma in the NAHR and refused primary standard treatment, 1980–2006

From: Outcome analysis of breast cancer patients who declined evidence-based treatment

Total number of women diagnosed with breast carcinoma 15,427
Women who refused primary standard treatment 185 (1.2%)
Women of age <75 years at diagnosis among those who refused primary standard treatment 87 (47.0%)
Characteristics of women (age <75 years at diagnosis) who refused primary standard treatment n =87 (%)
Age at diagnosis  
 Less than 50 years 34 (39.1)
 50 to 75 years 53 (60.9)
Treatment  
 CAM 50 (57.5)
 Unknown 37 (42.5)
Marital status  
 Single 14 (16.1)
 Married 44 (50.6)
 Separated 22 (25.3)
 Other 7 (8.1)
Occupation  
 Home maker 33 (37.9)
 Retired 9 (10.4)
 Other 34 (39.1)
 Unknown 11 (12.7)
Residence at diagnosis  
 Urban 57 (65.5)
 Rural 30 (34.5)
Vital status  
 Alive 21 (24.1)
 Deceased 66 (75.9)
Causes of death (n = 66)  
 Metastatic breast cancer 61 (70.1)
 Other 5 (5.8)
  1. NAHR: Northern Alberta Health Region.
  2. CAM: Complementary & alternative medicine.